Nephrology is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases, including hypertension and electrolyte imbalance and also deals with the treatment of patients who require Renal Replacement Therapy in the form of Dialysis & Renal Transplant.
Kidneys are bean-shaped organs around 10-12 cm in length, 2 in number situated on either side of the backbone. Each kidney comprises of approximately 1 million nephrons, the functioning units- the filtration units. The kidneys function to purify the blood and to remove toxins from blood.
If you have diabetes, high blood pressure or family history of kidney diseases, you may be at risk of developing kidney disease. Periodic screening in the form of simple blood and urine test is helpful in detecting early kidney disease and preventing deterioration of kidney function.